[Ref Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, FAA-H-8083-25B Page 12-7, ISBN978-1-56027-901-3] IMPORTANT Before we learn the definition of wind, please help ourselves to remember than wind has at least two component: wind SPEED wind DIRECTION  Okay, so what cause wind? Uneven heating causes change in (air) density, which results in pressure gradients. Due to uneven heating […]

The turbine pilot’s flight manual Review (ISBN:9781619540293)

[Ref The turbine pilot’s flight manual Review (ISBN:9781619540293)] Chapter 7 Pilots should know well about their plane, including different limitations, which are set to ensure the plane work under safe and efficient conditions. However, this chapter also aims to point out those special or dedicate to turbine aircraft Airspeed there is no redline on speed […]

Knowledge in Risk Assessment and Management (ISBN: 9781119317883)

[Ref Knowledge in Risk Assessment and Management (ISBN: 9781119317883)] ISO31000 standard on risk management (ISO2009) built the definition of risk on uncertainty and not probability. In the standard, risk is defined as the effect of uncertainty on objectives. Uncertainties are related to knowledge, but it is not only talking about the knowledge itself, but also […]

Flight Control

[Ref AircraftSystems: Mechanical,electrical,andavionicssubsystemsintegration,Third Edition ISBN: 978-0-470-05996-8] Primary Flight Control Primary flight control in pitch, roll and yaw is provided by (exercised by/achieve by) the control surfaces example Airbus A320: Pitch control (control column moving fore and aft; pushing and pulling) is exercised by four elevators (more than one sections) Roll control (control column moving from side to side; rotating) is provided […]


[Ref Flight International | 12-18 November 2019] Airbus will have its Chinese facility in Tianjin for A350 completion activities from the second half of next year (2020). The airframer will ship its first A350 from the completion and delivery centre by 2021. The airframer has already had the completion and delivery centre for A330, as well […]

Vu has vision for safer operations

[Ref 5-11 Nov 2019 Flight International Magazine] Vu Systems says its patented Vu Cube technology – launched at the recent NBAA event in Las Vegas – is the world’s first passive millimetre wave (PMMW) sensor for aviation. This new technology capable of “seeing through clouds” – which suppose to revolutionise operations in low-visibility minima. “Our […]