Marshalling Hand Signals (For Aircraft)

[Ref  Airport Handling Manual (AHM)​ — IGOM (IATA Ground Operations Manual) Chapter 4.8]

Emergency Engine Shut Down

Extend arm with wand forward of body at shoulder level, move hand and wand to top of left shoulder and draw wand to top of right shoulder in a “slicing motion across throat”.

 

 

Stop/Emergency Stop

Fully extend arms and wands to cross above the head.

 

This gate (Identify Gate)

Raise fully extended arms straight above head with wands pointing up, move hands fore and aft to keep from blending into background.

 

Continue to Taxi Straight Ahead

Bend extended arms at elbows and move wands up and down from waist to head.

Slow Down

Move extended arms downwards in a “patting gesture”, moving wands up and down from waist to knees.

 

 

Turn Right (From the Pilots Point of View)

With left arm and wand extended at a 90° angle to the body, right hand makes the come ahead signal. The rate of signal motion indicates to the pilot the rate of aircraft movement desired.

 

 

Turn Left (From the Pilots Point of View)

With right arm and wand extended at a 90° angle to the body, left hand makes the come ahead signal. The rate of signal motion indicates to the pilot the rate of aircraft movement desired.

 

 

Hold Position/Stand-by

Fully extend arms and wands downwards at a 45° angle to the sides. Hold the position until the aircraft is clear for the next maneuver.

 

Set Brakes

Raise hand just above shoulder height with open palm. Ensuring eye contact with the flight crew, close hand into a fist. DO NOT move until receipt of thumbs up acknowledgment from the flight crew.

Release Brakes

Raise hand just above shoulder height with hand closed in a fist. Ensuring eye contact with the flight crew, open palm. DO NOT move until receipt of thumbs up acknowledgment from the flight crew.

 

Chocks Inserted

With arms and wands fully extended above head, move wands inward in a “jabbing” motion until the wands touch.

Chocks Removed

With arms and wands fully extended above head, move wands outward in a “jabbing” motion. DO NOT remove chocks until authorised by the flight crew.

 

Connect Towbar

Bring arms above the head and grasp forearm with opposite hand.

Air Up (Supply Pressurised Air for Engine Start):

Wave arms up & down from thigh to waist with palms up.

Ready to Start Engine(s):

One hand raised with the appropriate number of fingers stretched indicating the number of the engine to be started.

 

Start Engines

Raise right arm to head level with wand pointing up and start a circular motion with hand, at the same time with the left arm raised above head level point to aircraft.

 

 

 

Connect/Disconnect Ground Power

To connect ground power:

Hold arms fully extended above head, open left hand horizontally and move finger tips of right hand into and touch the open palm of left hand (forming a “T”). At night, illuminated wands can also be used to form the “T” above the head.

 

To disconnect power:

Hold arms fully extended above head with finger tips of right hand touching the open horizontal palm of the left hand
(forming a “T”), then move right hand away from the left. DO NOT disconnect power until authorised by the flight crew. At night, illuminated wands can also be used to open the “T” above the head.

Interphones

Extend both arms at 90° from body and move hands to cup both ears.

 

 

Technical/Servicing Hand Signals–Flight Crew to Ground Staff

Brakes Engaged:

Raised arm and hand, with fingers extended, horizontally in front of face. Hand is then closed to a fist.

 

 

Brakes Released:

Raised arm, with fist clenched, horizontally in front of face. Hand is then opened to an open palm.

 

 

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