Mathematics education can be positioned as fertile ground for societal change. This article deconstructs the complex work of supporting students’ positive mathematical identities by introducing pedagogical fluency to embody equitable beliefs and practices.

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### Lybrya Kebreab, Sarah B. Bush, and Christa Jackson

### S. Leigh Nataro

Ear to the Ground features voices from several corners of the mathematics education world.

### Allison W. McCulloch, Jennifer N. Lovett, Lara K. Dick, and Charity Cayton

The authors discuss digital equity from the perspective of using math action technologies to position all students as mathematics explorers.

### Amanda K. Riske, Catherine E. Cullicott, Amanda Mohammad Mirzaei, Amanda Jansen, and James Middleton

We introduce the Into Math Graph tool, which students use to graph how “into" mathematics they are over time. Using this tool can help teachers foster conversations with students and design experiences that focus on engagement from the student’s perspective.

### Rachel Wiemken, Russasmita Sri Padmi, and Gabriel Matney

Teachers from two countries designed a model-eliciting activity about the global issue of wind energy. They share teaching and student outcomes from a cross-border engagement in the task with students from Indonesia and the United States through synchronous video conference.

### Nicholas J. Gilbertson

When students encounter unusual situations or exceptions to rules, they can become frustrated and can question their understanding of particular topics. In this article, I share some practical tips.

### Amanda Jansen

Ear to the Ground features voices from various corners of the mathematics education world.

### Karen S. Karp, Sarah B. Bush,, and Barbara J. Dougherty

Ear to the Ground features voices from various corners of the mathematics education world.

### Katherine Baker, Naomi A. Jessup, Victoria R. Jacobs, Susan B. Empson, and Joan Case

Productive struggle is an essential part of mathematics instruction that promotes learning with deep understanding. A video scenario is used to provide a glimpse of productive struggle in action and to showcase its characteristics for both students and teachers. Suggestions for supporting productive struggle are provided.

### LouAnn H. Lovin

Moving beyond memorization of probability rules, the area model can be useful in making some significant ideas in probability more apparent to students. In particular, area models can help students understand when and why they multiply probabilities and when and why they add probabilities.