Situational Awareness (SA)

[FAA HFH CH14 Effective Aeronautical Decision-Making, ISBN978-1-56027-901-3]

(Last Update 2020 May 2 0720Z)

Situational awareness refers to one’s ability to accurately perceive what is going on in the cockpit and outside the aircraft…This awareness should promote on-going questioning, cross-checking and refinement of one’s perception. Constant and conscious monitoring of the situation is required

Situational awareness is the accurate perception and understanding of all the factors and conditions within the four fundamental risk elements (pilot, aircraft, environment, external pressures) that affect safety before, during, and after the flight – i.e know all aspects of the circumstance

  1. what has happened
  2. what is happening
  3. what might happen in the near future

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